Imam al-Asr Masjid

Hadith AL-Kisa'

حديث كساء

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Tradition of the Cloak is a narrative of an incident where the Prophet Muhammad assembled Hassan (as), Husayn (as), Ali (as), and Fatima (sa) under his cloak.

اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِ مُحَمَّدٍ
O’ Allāh send Your blessings on Muhammad and the family of Muhammad.
بِسْمِ ٱللَّـهِ ٱلرَّحْمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ
In the Name of Allāh,the All-beneficent, the All-merciful.
عَنْ فاطِمَةَ الزَّهْراءِ عَلَيْهَا اَلسلام بِنْتِ رَسُول ِاللّه صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ أَنَّها قالَتْ :
Fatimatuz-Zahra, the daughter of the Prophet (s), peace be on them, is to have thus related ( an event ) :
دَخَلَ عَلَيَّ أَبِي رَسُولُ اللّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ فِي بَعْضِ الاْيَّامِ فَقالَ:
My father, the Prophet (s) of Allah, came to my house one day and said to me:
السَّلامُ عَلَيْكِ يَا فاطِمَةُ
“Peace be on you, Fatimah”
فَقُلْتُ: عَلَيْكَ السَّلامُ
I replied : “And upon you be peace”
قالَ: إِنِّي أَجِدُ فِي بَدَنِي ضُعْفا
Then he said : “I feel weakness in my body”
فَقُلْتُ لَهُ: أُعِيذُكَ بِاللّهِ يَا أَبَتاهُ مِنَ الضُّعْفِ
I said : “May Allah protect you from weakness, father”
فَقَالَ: ”يَا فَاطِمَةُ! ٱئْتِينِي بِٱلْكِسَاءِ ٱلْيَمَانِيِّ فَغَطِّينِي بِهِ.
He said : “Fatimah, please bring the Yemeni cloak and cover me with it”
فَأَتَيْتُهُ بالْكِساءِ الْـيَمانِي فَغَطَّيْتُهُ بِهِ
So, I brought the Yemeni cloak and covered him with it.
وَصرْتُ أَنْظُرُ إِلَيْهِ وَإِذا وَجْهُهُ يَتَلَأَلَؤُ
Then, I looked at him and saw that his face was shining
كَأَنَّهُ الْبَدْرُ فِي لَيْلَة تَمامِهِ وَكَمالِهِ
like a full moon with its glory and splendor
فَمَا كانَتْ إِلاّ ساعَةً وَإِذا بِوَلَدِيَ الْحَسَنِ عليه السلام قَدْ أَقْبَلَ
After a while, my son Hasan came in
وَقالَ: السَّلامُ عَلَيْكِ يَا أُمَّاهُ
and said : “Peace be on you, mother”
فَقُلتُ: وَعَلَيْكَ السَّلامُ يَا قُرَّةَ عَيْنِي وَثَمَرَةَ فُؤَادِي
I replied : “And upon you be peace, O light of my eyes, and the delight of my heart”
فَقَالَ: يَا أُمَّاهُ إِنِّي أَشَمُّ عِنْدَكِ رائِحَةً طَيِّبَةً
He then said : “O Mother! I smell a fragrance so sweet
كَأَنَّها رائِحَةُ جَدِّي رَسُولِ اللّه صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ
and so pure as that of my grandfather, the Prophet (s) of Allah”
فَقُلْتُ: نَعَمْ إِنَّ جَدَّكَ تَحْتَ الْكِساءِ
I replied : “Yes. Your grandfather is underneath the cloak”
فَأَقْبَلَ الْحَسَنُ نَحْوَ الْكِساءِ وَقالَ: السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا جَدَّاهُ يَا رَسُولَ اللّهِ
Hasan went near the cloak and said : “Peace be on you, my grandfather, the Prophet (s) of Allah;
أَتَأْذَنُ لِي أَنْ أَدْخُلَ مَعَكَ تَحْتَ الْكِساءِ
May I enter the cloak with you?”
فَقالَ: وَعَلَيْكَ السَّلامُ يَا وَلَدِي وَيَا صاحِبَ حَوْضِي
He replied : “And upon you be peace, my son and the master of my fountain (Kauthar),
قَدْ أَذِنْتُ لَكَ ِ
you are given the permission to enter”
فَدَخَلَ مَعَهُ تَحْتَ الْكِساء
So, Hasan entered the cloak with him
فَمَا كانَتْ إِلاَّ ساعَةً وَإِذا بِوَلَدِيَ الْحُسَيْنِ قَدْ أَقْبَلَ وَقالَ
After a while, my Husain came in and said :
السَّلامُ عَلَيْكِ يَا أُمَّاهُ.
“Peace be on you, mother”
فَقُلْتُ: وَعَلَيْكَ السَّلامُ يَا وَلَدِي وَيَا قُرَّةَ عَيْنِي وَثَمَرَةَ فُؤَادِي.
I replied : “And upon you be peace, O light of my eyes, and the delight of my heart”
فَقَالَ لِي: يَا أُمَّاهُ إِنِّي أَشَمُّ عِنْدَكِ رائِحَةً طَيِّبَةً
He then said : “O Mother! I smell a fragrance so sweet
كَأَنَّها رائِحَةُ جَدِّي رَسُولِ اللّهُ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ.
and so pure as that of my grandfather, the Prophet (s) of Allah”
فَقُلْتُ: نَعَمْ إِنَّ جَدَّكَ وَأَخاكَ تَحْتَ الْكِساءِ.
I replied : “Yes. Your grandfather and your brother are underneath the cloak”
فَدَنَا الْحُسَيْنُ نَحْوَ الْكِساءِ
Husain stepped towards the cloak
وَقالَ: السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا جَدَّاهُ السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا مَنِ اخْتارَهُ اللّهُ
and said : “Peace be on you, my grandfather, the Chosen of Allah;
أَتَأْذَنُ لِي أَنْ أَكُونَ مَعَكُما تَحْتَ الْكِساءِ
May I enter the cloak with you?”
فَقالَ: وَعَلَيْكَ السَّلامُ يَا وَلَدِي
He replied : “And upon you be peace, my son
وَيَا شافِعَ أُمَّتِي قَدْ أَذِنْتُ لَكَ.
and interceder of my followers, you are given the permission to enter”
فَدَخَلَ مَعَهُما تَحْتَ الْكِساء
So, Husain entered the cloak with them.
فَأَ قْبَلَ عِنْدَ ذلِكَ أَبُو الْحَسَنِ عَلِيُّ بْنُ أَبِي طالِبٍ
After a while, Abul Hasan, Ali bin Abi Talib came in
وَقالَ: السَّلامُ عَلَيْكِ يَا بِنْتَ رَسُولِ اللّهِ.
and said : “Peace be on you, O daughter of the Prophet (s) of Allah”
فَقُلْتُ: وَعَلَيْكَ السَّلامُ يَا أَبَا الْحَسَنِ وَيَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ.
I replied : “And upon you be peace, O father of Hasan, and the Commander of the faithful”
فَقالَ: يَا فاطِمَةُ إِنِّي أَشَمُّ عِنْدَكِ رائِحَةً طَيِّبَةً
He then said : “O Fatima! I smell a fragrance so sweet and so pure
كَانَّهَا رائِحَةُ أَخِي وَابْنِ عَمِّي رَسُولِ اللّه صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ.
as that of my brother and my cousin, the Prophet (s) of Allah”
فَقُلْتُ: نَعَمْ هَا هُوَ مَعَ وَلَدَيْكَ تَحْتَ الْكِساءِ
I replied: “Yes. He is underneath the cloak with your two sons”
فَأَقْبَلَ عَلِيٌّ نَحْوَ الْكِساءِ
So, Ali went near the cloak
وَقالَ: السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا رَسُولَ اللّهِ
and said : “Peace be on you, Prophet (s) of Allah;
وأَتَأْذَنُ لِي أَنْ أَكُونَ مَعَكُمْ تَحْتَ الْكِساءِ
May I enter the cloak with you?”
قالَ لَهُ: وَعَلَيْكَ السَّلامُ يَا أَخِي ويَا وَصِيِّي
He replied : “And upon you be peace, my brother, my successor,
وَخَلِيفَتِي وَصاحِبَ لِوَائِي قَدْ أَذِنْتُ لَكَ
my successor, and my standard bearer, you are given the permission to enter”
فَدَخَلَ عَلِيٌّ تَحْتَ الْكِساءِ
So, Ali entered the cloak with them.
ثُمَّ أَتَيْتُ نَحْوَ الْكِساءِ
Then I stepped forward
وَقُلْتُ: السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا أَبَتاهُ يَا رَسُولَ اللّهِ
and said : “Peace be on you, my father, O Prophet (s) of Allah;
أَتَأْذَنُ لِي أَنْ أَكُونَ مَعَكُمْ تَحْتَ الْكِساءِ
May I enter the cloak with you?”
قالَ: وَعَلَيْكِ السَّلامُ يَا بِنْتِي وَيَا بِضْعَتِي قَدْ أَذِنْتُ لَكِ
He replied : “And upon you be peace, my daughter, O part of myself; you are given the permission to enter”
فَدَخَلْتُ تَحْتَ الْكِساءِ
So, I entered the cloak with them.
فَلَمَّا اكْتَمَلْنا جَمِيعاً تَحْتَ الْكِساءِ أَخَذَ أَبِي رَسُولُ اللّه بِطَرَفَي الْكِساءِ
Getting together underneath the cloak, my father, the Prophet (s) of Allah, held the two ends of the cloak
وَأَوْمَأَ بِيَدِهِ ٱلْيُمْـنٰى إِلَى السَّماءِ وَقالَ:
and raised his right hand towards the heavens and prayed :
اللّهُمَّ إِنَّ هَؤُلاءِ أَهْلُ بَيْتِي وَخاصَّتِي وَحامَّتِي
“O Allah, these are the people of my Household (Ahlul-Bayt). They are my confidants and my supporters.
لَحْمُهُمْ لَحْمِي وَدَمُهُمْ دَمِي
Their flesh is my flesh and their blood is my blood.
يُؤْلِمُنِي مَا يُؤْلِمُهُمْ
Whoever hurts them, hurts me too.
وَيَحْزُنُنِي مَا يَحْزُنُهُمْ
Whoever displeases them, displeases me too.
أَنَا حَرْبٌ لِمَنْ حارَبَهُمْ
I am at war with those who are at war with them.
وَسِلْمٌ لِمَنْ سالَمَهُمْ
I am at peace with those who are at peace with them.
وَعَدُوٌّ لِمَنْ عَاداهُمْ
I am the enemy of their enemies
وَمُحِبٌّ لِمَنْ أَحَبَّهُمْ
and I am the friend of their friends.
إِنَّهُمْ مِنِّي وَأَنَا مِنْهُمْ
They are from me and I am from them.
فَاجْعَلْ صَلَواتِكَ وَبَرَكاتِكَ وَرَحْمَتَكَ
O Allah! Bestow Your Blessings, Benevolence,
وَغُفْرانَكَ وَرِضْوانَكَ عَلَيَّ
Forgiveness and Your pleasure upon me and upon them.
وَعَلَيْهِمْ وَأَذْهِبْ عَنْهُمُ الرِّجْسَ وَطَهِّرْهُمْ تَطْهِيراً.
And keep them away from impurity (and flaws) and keep them thoroughly purified”
فَقالَ اللّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ:
Then the Lord, Almighty Allah said :
يَا مَلائِكَتِي وَيَا سُكَّانَ سَمَاواتِي
“O My angels! O Residents of My Heavens,
إِنِّي إمَا خَلَقْتُ سَماءً مَبْنِيَّةً وَلاَ أَرْضاً مَدْحِيَّةً وَلاَ قَمَراً مُنِيراً
verily, I have not created the erected Sky, the stretched earth, the illuminated moon,
وَلاَ شَمْساً مُضِيئَةً وَلاَ فَلَكاً يَدُورُ وَلاَ بَحْراً يَجْرِي وَلاَ فُلْكاً يَسْرِي
the bright sun, the rotating planets, the flowing seas and the sailing ships,
إِلاَّ فِي مَحَبَّةِ هَؤلاءِ الْخَمْسَةِ الَّذِينَ هُمْ تَحْتَ الْكِساءِ.
but for the love of these Five underneath the cloak”
فَقالَ الاْمِينُ جَبْرائِيلُ: يَارَبِّ وَمَنْ تَحْتَ الْكِساءِ
Gabriel, the trusted angel, asked : “Who are under the cloak?”
فَقالَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ:
The Almighty answered :
هُمْ أَهْلُ بَيْتِ النُّبُوَّةِ وَمَعْدِنُ الرِّسالَةِ
“They are the Household of the Prophet (s) and the assets of Prophet hood.
هُمْ فاطِمَةُ وَأَبُوها وَبَعْلُها وَبَنُوها.
They are : Fatimah, her father, her husband and her two sons”
فَقالَ جَبْرائِيلُ: يَارَبِّ أَتَأْذَنُ لِي أَنْ أَهْبِطَ إِلَى الاْرْضِ
Gabriel said : “O Lord, May I fly to earth
لأِكُونَ مَعَهُمْ سادِساً
to be the sixth of them?”
فَقالَ اللّهُ: نَعَمْ قَدْ أَذِنْتُ لَكَ.
Allah replied: “Yes. You are given the permission”
فَهَبَطَ الاْمِينُ جَبْرائِيلُ وَقالَ: السَّلامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا رَسُولَ اللّهِ
Gabriel, the trusted, landed near them and said : “Peace be on you, O Prophet (s) of Allah.
الْعَلِيُّ الاْعْلى يُقْرِئُكَ السَّلام َوَيَخُصُّكَ بِالتَّحِيَّةِ وَالاْكْرامِ
The All-Highest conveys His peace on you and His greetings
وَيَقُوْلُ لَكَ :وَعِزَّتِي وَجَلالِي
and says: “By My Honor and Glory, O My angels! O Residents of My Heavens,
إِنِّي مَا خَلَقْتُ سَماءً مَبْنِيَّةً
verily, I have not created the erected Sky,
وَلاَ أَرْضاً مَدْحِيَّةً وَلاَ قَمَراً مُنِيراً وَلاَ شَمْساً مُضِيئَةً
the stretched earth, the illuminated moon, the bright sun,
وَلاَ فَلَكاً يَدُورُ وَلاَ بَحْراً يَجْرِي وَلاَ فُلْكاً يَسْرِي
the rotating planets, the flowing seas and the sailing ships,
إِلاَّ لاِجْلِكُمْ وَمَحَبَّتِكُمْ
but for your sake and love”
وَقَدْ أَذِنَ لِي أَنْ أَدْخُلَ مَعَكُمْ
and Allah has given me permission to enter the cloak with you.
فَهَلْ تَأْذَنُ لِي يَا رَسُولَ اللّه
May I join you, O Prophet (s) of Allah?”
فَقالَ رَسُولُ اللّه: وَعَلَيْكَ السَّلامُ يَا أَمِينَ وَحْي اللّهِ
The Prophet (s) replied : “And peace be on you, O trusted bearer of Allah’s Revelations!
فإِنَّهُ نَعَمْ قَدْ أَذِنْتُ لَكَ.
you are granted the permission”
فَدَخَلَ جَبْرائِيلُ مَعَنا تَحْتَ الْكِساءِ
So, Gabriel entered the cloak with us
فَقالَ لاِبِي: إِنَّ اللّهَ قَدْ أَوْحَى إِلَيْكُمْ يَقُولُ:
and said to my father : Allah sends His Revelations to you;
إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنْكُمُ الرِّجْسَ
“Verily Allah’s desire is to keep you away from impurity (and flaws),
أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيراً.
O People of Household (Ahlul-Bayt) and keep you thoroughly purified”
فَقالَ عَلِيٌّ لاِبِي: يَا رَسُولَ اللّه أَخْبِرْنِي مَا لِجُلُوسِنا
Then Ali said to my father : “O Prophet (s) of Allah, tell me
هذَا تَحْتَ الْكِساءِ مِنَ الْفَضْلِ عِنْدَ اللّهُ
what significance has Allah given for getting together underneath this cloak ?”
فَقالَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ:
The Prophet (s) replied :
وَالَّذِي بَعَثَنِي بِالْحَقِّ نَبِيَّاً
“By Him who rightfully appointed me a Prophet (s)
وَاصْطَفانِي بِالرِّسالَةِ نَجِيّاً
and chose me a Messenger for the salvation of the mankind.
مَا ذُكِرَ خَبَرُنا هذَا فِي مَحْفِلٍ مِنْ مَحافِلِ
whenever and wherever an assembly
أَهْلِ الاْرْضِ وَفِيهِ جَمْعٌ مِنْ شِيعَتِنا وَمُحِّبِينا
of our followers and friends mention this event,
إِلاَّ وَنَزَلَتْ عَلَيْهِمُ الرَّحْمَةُ
Allah will bestow on them His Blessings and Mercy;
وَحَفَّتْ بِهِمُ الْمَلائِكَةُ وَاسْتَغْفَرَتْ لَهُمْ إِلى أَنْ يَتَفَرَّقُوا.
angels will encircle them asking Allah the remission of their sins until the assembly disperses
فَقالَ عَلِيٌّ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ: إِذنْ وَاللّهِ فُزْنَا وَفازَ شِيعَتُنا وَرَبِّ الْكَعْبَةِ.
So Ali said : “Verily, by the Lord of Kabaa! we and our followers are the winners”
فَقالَ أَبِي رَسُولُ اللّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ:
Then my father replied :
يَا عَلِيُّ وَالَّذِي بَعَثَنِي بِالْحَقِّ نَبِيّاً
“By Him who rightfully appointed me a Prophet
وَاصْطَفَانِي بِالرِّسالَةِ نَجِيّاً
and chose me a Messenger for the salvation of the mankind,
مَا ذُكِرَ خَبَرُنا هذَا فِي مَحْفِلٍ مِنْ مَحَافِلِ أَهْلِ الاْرْضِ
whenever and wherever an assembly
وَفِيهِ جَمْعٌ مِنْ شِيعَتِنا وَمُحِبِّينا
our followers and friends mentions this event,
وَفِيهِمْ مَهْمُومٌ إِلاَّ وَفَرَّجَ اللّهُ هَمَّهُ
there shall remain none grieved but Allah will remove his grief,
وَلاَ مَغْمُومٌ إِلاَّ وَكَشَفَ اللّهُ غَمَّهُ
there shall remain none distressed but Allah will dispel his distress,
وَلاَ طالِبُ حاجَةٍ إِلاَّ وَقَضَى اللّهُ حاجَتَهُ.
there shall remain none wish-seeker but Allah will grant his wish.”
فَقالَ عَلِيٌّ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ: إِذن وَاللّه فُزْنا وَسُعِدْنا وَكَذلِكَ شِيعَتُنا
`Ali, peace be upon him, said, “Then, we have won and attained pleasure. I swear it by Allah. So have our adherents;
فازُوا وَسُعِدُوا فِي الدُّنْيا وَالاْخِرَةِ وَرَبِّ الْكَعْبَةِ.
they have won and attained pleasure in this world and in the Hereafter. I swear it by the Lord of the Ka`bah.”
اَللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَىٰ مُحَمَّدٍ وَآلِ مُحَمَّدٍ
O’ Allāh send Your blessings on Muhammad and the family of Muhammad.